Mszczonów Gmina is situated in the west part of Mazovian Voivodship on ancient Silesian Route. Earlier this area was crossed by the Amber Route. Unfortunately due to its location on the crossing of communication routes, Mszczonów was destroyed by all possible enemies troops moving across the Mazowsze territory. Many valuable architectonic objects have been also destroyed by huge fires which took place several time in 19th century. However the Nazi troops in course of the World War II were most cruel in Mszczonów destroying more than 80% of its buildings including splendid City Hall erected in 1825. Percentage of losses incurred in World War II by the town at Okrzesza river was equal to the losses in Warsaw. However despite of such tragic circumstances, a few interesting historical objects are still existing in Mszczonów, Saint John Baptist i.e. parish church built in 19th century in Tuscan style situated in Żyrardowska Street and other objects entered into the National Register and Register of Historical Monuments i.e. two roman catholic cemeteries from 1st and 2nd half of 19th century, Jewish cemetery with partially retained macevas and the mansion called “KAFLARNIA” with beautiful façade in baroque style.
Destroyed building situated in front of the church should be also mentioned, because it was the place of living of the famous Polish composer - Jan Adam Maklakiewicz, the presbytery built in 19th century and the building from 18th century called “SZPITALIK”. The latter is the oldest of still existing urban buildings used by Prussian occupants after the 3rd partition of Poland as the hospital for their soldiers who probably occupied the town.
Some architectonic pearls can be also found in the rural areas in Mszczonów gmina; the Holy Trinity church built of squared larch trunks in Lutkówka is the most valuable one. The church has been probably built in 16th century and is one of the oldest objects of this type in Mazowsze. The church together with the belfry and adhering cemetery has been also entered into the National Register of Historical Monuments. Saint Stanislav Church in Osuchów built in 19th century with belfry built in 18th century and adhering cemetery is another interesting object. The church complex is surrounded with the Way of the Cross of Polish Nation (only two such Ways of the Cross are in Poland) and roman catholic cemeteries from 1st half of 19th century in vicinity. As the secular objects, Plater Family palace in Neorennaissance style in Osuchów with surrounding park from 19th century and three lanes from 2nd half of 19th century should be mentioned.
The cultural heritage of our gmina encompasses also the following palace complexes:
- palace park, the middle 19th century in Badowo Dańki
- wooden manor and park of 1920 in Badowo-Kłody
- wooden manor and park from 1st half of 19th century and 20th century in Badowo-Mściska
- palace park, 19th century in Ciemno-Gnojna
- palace complex (palace and park) from 18th and middle 19th century.
Except of the monuments constituting the elements of heritage they are other attractive places which could be visited during the trip to our gmina, for instance:
St. Ann Lakes – two picturesque water basins situated in the forests 4 km from the town only. You can swim, rest on the beach and walk in the forest.
The Natural and Landscape Complex called “Bielecki Family Gnojna Lakes” constituting a nature reservation established in 2004 in order to protect the aquatic and meadow complexes and diversified avifauna as the extremely valuable flora and fauna feature characterizing this region. The surface area of the nature reservation amounts 19,35 ha.
Osuchów, one of the most interesting localities in Mszczonów gmina is situated about 10km south of the town. Osuchowskie forest are extraordinary in every respect, because they are situated in the highest point of Mazowiecka Lowland i.e. 100m higher than Warsaw. This specific locations makes the local climate similar to that in Sudety Mountains. Many plants species which are typical for Sudety Mountains can be also met in the territory of forest reservation established here under the name GRĄDY OSUCHOWSKIE. Therefore the vicinity of Osuchów is frequently called MAZOWSZE ROOF or small Sudety Mountains between Łódź and Warsaw.
The forest reservation Grądy Osuchowskie has been established in 1982. Its surface area amounts 99,75ha. The reservation is situated in the territory of Osuchów Forest Inspectorate included in Grójec Forest Superinspectorate. The nature reservation has been established in order to protect diversified complexes in the forest growing on dry ground and swamp forest with relict character. The name of the reservation originates from the forest complexes prevailing in the territory of this range. The species typical for the forest growing on dry ground are for example: oaks, hornbeams, ashes, limes, elms and maples. Also the old forest with about 100 years old pines can be observed in the reservation, but the pines are not typical for forests growing on dry ground. Swamps constitute 10% of the surface area of the reservation. The largest swamp exists in section 377 c. The appearance of Grądy Osuchowskie is most attractive in autumn owing to falling leaves in colours gold and red. The forest is also charming early spring with clearings covered with anemone flowers.